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10. English Language Development (ELD) and Academic Language Development (ALD) in a Dual Language Program

GOAL:

Provide English Language Development (ELD) for the English Learners and Academic Language Development (ALD) for the English-only students in the dual language education program.

OVERVIEW:

It is important to provide targeted language development support for the English Learners in the dual language education program as well as for the English-only students, especially those in a 90:10 program, where only a small portion of the day is spent in English in the primary grades. Providing ELD for English Learners is also a federal and state requirement.

    Implement an Articulated English Language Development/Academic Language Development (ELD/ALD) Program

    • English Learners receive ELD; English-only students receive ALD.
    • In a 90:10 program, English Learners and English-only students should participate in a joint ELD/ALD program, as this is the only time that the students will be receiving instruction in English.
      • Just as the English Learners are the strong target language model during instruction in the target language, the English-only students are the strong language models during ELD/ALD.
    • Identify a team partner for the dual language education teacher who will provide the ELD/ALD and be the English-speaking model for the dual language education program class.
      • For a 90:10 program, it is recommended that the partner teacher in grades kindergarten through second grade be bilingual.
        • Although ELD/ALD is delivered in English, it is beneficial for the teacher to understand the students if they were to ask questions in the target language.

    Compliance

    • Federal guidelines require that English Learners receive a minimum number of minutes per day of ELD. Be sure to include the appropriate number of minutes when calculating the instructional time in English.